Freshwater Lake Fishing Basics


One of the most popular forms of fishing to engage in is freshwater lake fishing. Most fishermen enjoy fishing in a flowing river or stream and others prefer fishing in a lake or pond. There are some considerable variations and, as a universal rule, freshwater lake fishing is a simpler process, although some fishermen always seem to complicate the process.

lake fishingFreshwater lake Fishing is when fishing a body of water that is categorized as a lake. A lake is classified as relatively stagnant water that is almost surrounded by land with a stream or river that drains from it or feeds into it. A lake with fish can either be artificial or natural, and natural lakes tend to have more successful results. You may use a boat or may not be able to use a boat depending on the size of the lake and its location.

Remember that not all lakes are a freshwater lake; this is because some lakes can have a high concentration of salt. And depending on the salt concentration, fish may survive or may not be able to survive or reach an appropriate size worthy of fishing. Freshwater lake fish have been classified into three groups; the game fish, the foods fish, and the bait fish.

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The game fish are species such as bass and trout, the food fish includes perch, catfish, and carp. While baitfish like gudgeon and anchovies are mostly used for recreational fishing, there are two main methods of freshwater lake fishing, fishing from a boat and fishing from the shore.

Methods of Freshwater Lake Fishing

  • Fishing from a boat: freshwater lake fishing from a boat can be very relaxing and really effective. The most popular freshwater lake fishing techniques include casting, back-trolling, trolling, use of downriggers and drift fishing. Different techniques work for different fish species, but the most popular freshwater lake fishing technique while fishing from a boat is trolling. This is simply dragging the baits or lures behind the boat while the boats’ moves along slowly. Back-trolling is the same only that the boat moves in reverse and go even slower.
  • Fishing from the shore: This technique is what most fishermen kept doing, just because the cost of getting a boat can be very high. Like fishing from a boat, fishing from the shore involves different techniques. But the most popular technique is still fishing. In this method, bait is added to a hook and a slip sinker is also added to the line. A stopper like a barrel swivel is also added to the line to prevent the sinker from drifting down the line to the bait. Another popular method is to walk along the coast and cast different lures into the lake.

Freshwater Lake fishing tips

Freshwater Lake fishing may be one of the simplest forms of fishing, but it also requires some learning to be successful. The following are Freshwater Lake fishing tips and when you follow these tips; you will land more fish and also enjoy your freshwater lake fishing outings. Although these are not specific to any species of fish, they can be used in combination with other fishing tips to make you a better fisherman.

  • Choose the right lure
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    : With natural freshwater bait like worms, minnows, cricket, and leeches, you can’t be wrong. Live bait can as well be quite affordable. For synthetic lures, we endorse fishing jig. They are very useful in lakes since they can catch any kind of freshwater fish.

  • Fish around Creeks and Channels: just like humans, fish like certain temperatures and usually hang around the areas of a lake with comfortable temperatures. The area where water enters or flows from a lake is usually cooler and more comfortable to fish. Baitfish prefers these areas along with bigger fish that eat them.
  • Search sunken structures: some fish like to be around structures that make them feel safe and provide the opportunity to attack other fish. Structures like branches, downed trees, and even artificial habitats are a great place to fish. Do not stay in the same place too long. Cast your bait near where fish are expected to be hiding. If you don’t get a bite or catch anything after some cast, move to the next place. The more areas you cover, the better your chances of catching fish.
  • Check for Fish: The most important tip is to ensure the lake you plan to fish is full of fish. Fishing a lake that you are not sure of having fish will be a waste of time. Check with your local Department of Game and Inland Fisheries to know what kind of fish your lake is full with, if possible. Knowing the kind of fish in the lakes will help you choose what type of bait to use.
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    Fish are unpredictable: It is difficult to know when or what they are biting at any given time. Therefore, changing between live bait and several artificial baits will increase your chances of attracting them. Try changing between spinner baits, topwater baits, plastic worms or live baits such as minnows or worms until you get the right one.

  • Work with the wind: During days with a strong wind, you can expect baitfish to approach the shore, which means that large fish will also approach the shore to feed. Observe the drift lines and follow them; they will take you to bait fish, which will, in turn, lead you to big fish.
  • Wear a Vest: When fishing freshwater lake, it’s important to always wear a live vest and follow all state and local regulations. If you are boating from the shore and paddle into the lake, ensure you use a wader belt to prevent water from quickly filling your waders if you fall. Also, ensure you don’t leave any hooks behind. Hooks can injure domestic pets, wildlife, and even other people. Don’t forget we share our lakes with wildlife, fish and other humans, so endeavor to keep them clean.

Check out some other great information for fishing for different lake fishes:

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